Kalju Patustaja (new_etymology) wrote in linguaphiles,
Kalju Patustaja

ЛАВР, LAURUS, LAUREL and its related words

Laurus, Laurel leaves have been used since time immemorial as a talisman to protect against the evil eye and damage:
"... Laurel leaves wreath attached to the baby's bed was thought to help protect the child from the negative effects of mystical creatures. The more of them - the stronger the protection. It is believed that in this way entire households get rid of the danger of the influence of evil spirits."

'Indo-Europeists' tell us, in their textbooks, that Latin laurus allegedly is... a phonetically transformed Greek daphnehttps://www.etymonline.com/word/laurel 

This is obviously a fairy-tale (as 1000s of others). Compare LAURUS to the following words with same phonetic stem -LAR-,-LOR-, and meaning related to 'protection' from Spain to Iran, and from Scandinavia to the Mediterranean:

Lares - Roman deities patronizing (protecting) homes, family and community in general;
ларой [laroy] (Ingushian language, Caucasus) - shamanistic: the Guardian spirit; modern: the Guardian angel.

лора, лорадар, лорадер [lora, loradar, lorader] (Ingush) - protection, defence; лоравала [loravala] (Ingush) - to get protected; лораде [lora-de] (Ingush) - to protect, preserve, guard, store (literally, "do the protection");
larru (Basque) - leather, skin, fur;
lorum (Latin) - a belt, bridle made of leather; loratus (Lat.) - tied, fastened with a belt;
lorica (Ital., Lat.) - a chain mail, armor; also shell of a grain; loricato (Ital.) - dressed in armor, in chain mail; zool. a crocodile;
loor, gen. loori (Estonian) - a veil, sheet; loorita(ma) (Est.) - to veil, swaddle; to fog, to obscure;
Flor (Old German), floers (Dutch) - a veil, sheet;
compare to: de-florare, de-florate - of removal of the virgin's natural protection — the hymen (SIC not removal of 'a flower');
floor (Eng.), flor (Old Eng., Old Norse), vloer (Dutch.), vluor (Old Ger.) — floor (a protecting deck);
Flur (Ger.) - a meadow, a field;
flora (Latin) - the entire vegetative cover of the Earth (not only flowers, but any herbs, shrubs, bushes and trees; it is false to state that flora is from flowers - it is flowers, Fr. fleur, Ital. fiori that derive from flora);
[lor, lir, ler] (Persian) - a place with a large number of trees and greenery: https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Луры .

Compare also to the following words with the meaning (the semantics) of 'protection':

ларь, ларец [lar', larets] (Old Russian), lår, archaic larr (Swedish) - a box, a dower chest (to keep treasures);
laari (Fin.) - a storage room, a cellar;
lar (Tatar), lars (Kazakh) - a box (for storing grain, flour);
larma (Ingush) - a cellar;
lorry, lorry car (Eng.) - covered cargo cart, wagon, truck.
N.B. British etymologists do not deduce ANY etymology for LORRY, other than the clear derivative found in a text in the 1570s - 'TO LURRY' with the meaning of "to pull, to push"; for the latter, they do not create any separate article at all: https://www.etymonline.com/word/lorry. They call this 'a science'.

Compare further to:

λαύρα, lavra (Greek) - a monastery (which usually had walls like castles, being a place of protection);
lauer, lovier, lower (in the language of Francs) - a watchtower; also
leovar, lovar, lover, louver, louvre, leower, lower (archaic Germanic) - a castle, a fortress (etymology for Louvre castle: https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Луврский_дворец ).

Compare to oikonyms:
Lar, or Lor, Lur, Lir, Ler - an ancient castle in Iran (from which the province of Laristan, or Lurestan, Lorestan, Loristan);
Lori - an ancient castle in Caucasus (built and named long before the Armenians settled there);
Louvre - name of the ex castle or watchtower in Paris;
Lauris - names of communes in France;
Laurentum, ex. Laurus - city in Italy;
Lorenteggio, ex town, now part of Milan;
Florence, It. Firenze, Lat. Flōrentia - city in Italy.

Compare to personal names:
Laura, Lorenzo, Laurentius, Florence, Lawrence, Laurence, Lars, Larisa, Lori, Loria, etc.
N.B. the tradition to give names that serve as a protective talisman (not only with stem -LAR-,-LOR-) continues from times immemorial.

Learn more: https://anti-fasmer.livejournal.com/550624.html

Tags: classical languages, english, estonian, etymology, german, germanic, greek, interlingua, language history, language origins, learning languages, loanwords, multilingual, names, old english, research projects, russian, toponyms, vocabulary, words

Recent Posts from This Community

  • Post a new comment


    Anonymous comments are disabled in this journal

    default userpic

    Your reply will be screened

    Your IP address will be recorded