Laura 真理子 (iloveyouohno) wrote in linguaphiles,
Laura 真理子
iloveyouohno
linguaphiles

Japanese: Joshi に

One example for when Wikipedia can't help.

A while back, someone asked about Japanese particles (joshi) and some commenters recommended the Wikipedia page. Even with Wikipedia, I'm having some problems with the joshi . As I understood, it can be used for the indirect object, as in the sentences:

私は木村さに花をあげます。
だれにクリスマスカードを書きますか。

But this textbook uses it in other sentences where I'm not expecting it. Examples:

私はカリナさんにチョコレートをもらいました。
ワンさんに中国語を習います。

Is it clear "カリナさん" in the first sentence is the actor? Is it clear for "ワンさん" in the second? Can the "に" in either sentence be replaced with "から"?

Thanks in advance!


Edit: Misspelling FTW!
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