March 6th, 2010

vizlipuzli

generic short names

In Russian, the name "Slava" may be the short version of a host of authentic Slavic names: Yaroslav, Vyacheslav, Stanislav, Svyatoslav, and more (also their feminine counterparts)
Same with Ukrainian "Slavko".

In English, the name "Bert" may be the short version of a host of Germanic names: Albert, Robert, Hubert, Herbert, Norbert (more?)

Is there a phenomenon like this in other languages (especially not Slavic or Germanic)?
DiorHomme
  • bonsly

Language books on the go.

Hey all!

Sometimes, most of the time, while visiting my family I get uber bored. A perfect time to learn my languages. Thing is, I don't want to be carrying around some big and bulky books. So, does anybody have, or know of any language learning books that are travel friendly? Specifically in French, Italian and if possible, Portuguese. I used to have a Colloquial Portuguese book which was the perfect size, but, I moved and not sure where it ended up. And yes, I know of podcasts, but those bore me because I'm just listening, I need to be actually writing things.
spleen

maybe you work with an endagnered language, maybe you know someone who does

The Endangered Language Fund is pleased to announce the availability of the handbook entitled "Grant Writing for Indigenous Languages," by Ofelia Zepeda and Susan Penfield. It is aimed primarily at U.S.
tribes seeking U.S. funds, so we hope this will be of use to subscribers of this list. Please feel free to make use of this document, within limits of the copyright retained by the Arizona Board of Regents on behalf of the University of Arizona. The manual can be found at:
http://www.endangeredlanguagefund.org/pdf/grant_writing.pdf
If you are not a tribal member but work with a tribe, please pass this information along to those who might be interested.

Doug Whalen DhW, President, ELF

(no subject)

Multilingualism good for brain

Speaking several languages improves people's ability to master complex thinking processes, a study by an international team of researchers finds. The results based on a macro-analysis of a variety of studies even indicate that multilingualism might delay the onset of age-related mental diminishment later in life. The study was commissioned by the European Commission.

In addition to possibly slowing down dementia, the researchers identify further main areas where multilingualism appears to have a positive impact, including learning, complex thinking and creativity, interpersonal skills, mental flexibility and communication skills.

Existing scientific evidence further indicates that memory function benefits from the knowledge and use of multiple languages. 'It is obvious that enhanced memory can have a profound impact on cognitive function,' says David Marsh of Jyväskylä University in Finland, who coordinated the research. Mr Marsh adds that this might be one of the reasons why multilingual individuals tend to be able to handle complex and demanding problem-solving tasks better than their monolingual counterparts.

Originally, this was believed to be true only of people who are truly bilingual or trilingual with a very advanced command of their languages. However, more recent research suggests that processes that change the brain's electrical activity are set in motion even when we start learning a new language. 'This is inspirational for anyone who has an opportunity to learn, or otherwise keep an additional language active in their lives,' Mr Marsh says.

Hence, the researchers believe that their findings go beyond the linguistic argument. 'Knowledge of more than one language could well open up forms of added value which go beyond the languages themselves and lead to 'multicompetence',' the report concludes. 'The implications are wide-ranging. If there are cognitive and behavioural benefits resulting from knowledge of more than one language, then there is a need to examine how this potential can be realised so as to maximise advantage.'

The report further argues that multilingualism should be recognised as a 'lever for economic growth and social cohesion', rather than an inconvenience. The value of languages should be communicated and their development supported through policy and education.

'The evidence clusters described here suggest that multilingualism is a resource which has the potential to play a key role in responding to the challenges of the present and future,' the report closes. 'It is one existing resource which is likely to nourish emergent processes of creativity that will help expand individual and societal opportunities.'

The study was conducted between May 2008 and June 2009 across the 27 EU Member States as well as Norway and Turkey. It takes into account scientific literature from Europe and beyond, plus input from 30 experts in the studied countries and a core scientific team.

The analysis was set against five hypotheses previously formulated by the Commission. These assume that there is a link between multilingualism and creativity: multilingualism broadens access to information and offers alternative ways of organising thought as well as of perceiving the surrounding world. Finally, it was surmised that learning a new language increases the potential for creative thought.