April 2nd, 2009

Company name

Hello,
Sometimes, talking about companies, we use not existing companies with imaginary names as an example just to explain some typical practices, details, etc. For instance, "Company A enters into agreement with Company B..." It occured to me that here in Russia we have very popular imaginary names to be used as such examples, and if we here these company names we are aware that the companies are not real. The names are ROGA I KOPYTA (Horns & Hoofs), KRASNY LAPOT' (Red Bast Shoe), or PUPKIN & CO (Pupkin & Co) (may be some others?..)
I was wondering if there are such names in other languages?
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A couple of Hindi questions

I am extremely confused with the perfective tenses; my textbooks state this:

The Simple Perfective = English Past Simple
The Present Perfective = English Present Perfect
The Past Perfective = English Past Perfect; or

मैं आया → I came
मैं आया हुं → I have come
हैं आया था → I had come

However, my professor insists we use the Past Perfective in instances you would the Past Simple in English, and the Simple Perfective only for repeated actions in the past (like 'used to/would [verb]' construction in English); in my grammar book such repeated actions are expressed using Historical Present (or whatever name you use for it in English, it's verb stem+ता). Now there's always someone who will say something along the lines of "just go with what your teacher says", but I absolutely refuse to study language this way.

Question number two, am I suppose to use modifier पाना with the oblique case of the infinitive (verb stem+ने) or verb stem? The meaning I am aiming for is 'manage to do [verb]'. Do say if the both cases are possible with different nuances.

PS: Does anyone know of any really good sites for only Hindi grammar? Don't know if you're familiar with it, but I really enjoy Tae Kim's site when it comes to Japanese grammar; is there anything even remotely similar for Hindi?

Thank you.

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